Tour Information

王立詩人と宮殿の写真展 4月29日(土)〜5月8日(日)

Gyeongbokgung Palace

Gyeongbokgung (Palace Greatly Blessed by Heaven) was built in 1395, three years after the Joseon Dynasty was founded, and it served as the main palace for more than five hundred years. With Mount Bugaksan to its rear and the Street of Six Ministries (today’s Sejongno) outside Gwanghwamun Gate, the main entrance to the palace, Gyeongbokgung stood in the heart of the capital city. It was steadily expanded over nearly three hundred years before being reduced to ashes during the Japanese invasion of 1592. For the next 276 years the palace grounds were left derelict until finally being rebuilt in 1867 under the leadership of Prince Regent Heungseon Daewongun. The restoration was completed on a grand scale, with 500 buildings crowded together in a labyrinthine arrangement. Within the palace walls were the Outer Court (oejeon), offices for the king and state officials, and the Inner Court (naejeon), which included living quarters for the royal family as well as gardens for leisure and play. On its extensive premises were other palaces, large and small, including Queen’s residence (Junggung) and the Crown prince’s residence (Donggung).
As Gyeongbokgung was the symbol of national sovereignty, it was demolished during the Japanese occupation. In 1911, ownership of land at the palace was transferred to the Japanese Government-General. In 1915, on the pretext of holding an exhibition, more than 90 percent of the palace buildings were torn down. Following the exhibition the Japanese leveled whatever still remained. The Japanese also built their colonial headquarters, the Government-General building, directly in front of Gyeongbokgung. Restoration of Gyeongbokgung to its former glory has been ongoing since 1990. The colonial Government-General building was removed, and Heungnyemun Gate was restored to its original state. The inner Court and Crown prince’s residence were completed.

英祖, 昌庆宫


  • ·Time: 5月6日(金)至5月8日(日)、(1日2次)13:30 14:30
  • ·Place: 昌慶宮一員
  • ·Caution: